Wednesday, May 20, 2020

In what respects, if any, has A.V. Diceystripartite definition of parliamentary sovereignty become an anachronism - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1325 Downloads: 1 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Politics Essay Type Analytical essay Did you like this example? Introduction A. V. Diceys traditional definition of parliamentary sovereignty cast Parliament as the supreme legislative force in the British constitution.[1] The verdict was given in 1885, prior to many of the pressing constitutional changes of the twentieth century. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "In what respects, if any, has A.V. Diceystripartite definition of parliamentary sovereignty become an anachronism?" essay for you Create order His definition had three aspects. First, Parliament is the supreme law-maker, entitled to formulate and pass any law that it wishes. Second, the supremacy of legislation means that no other constitutional body, including the courts, can question it. Third, no Parliament is able to bind its successors or alternatively been bound by its predecessors. This essay will assess the traditional Diceyan view in the context of modern developments. Parliament as supreme law-maker Parliaments status as the only body able to formulate and pass legislation has its roots in the conflict between the monarchy and the legislature in the seventeenth century, when the king attempted to rule by prerogative. The Bill of Rights that followed in 1689 subordinated the monarchy and the judiciary to Parliaments supreme law-making power.[2] Parliament can even go so far as to pass laws with retrospective force, as it did with the War Damage Act 1965 to deny compensation to an oil company whose installations had been damaged during the Second World War.[3] In the recent landmark case of R (Jackson) v AG,[4] Parliaments ability to use the Parliament Act 1911 to amend the Parliament Act 1949 was questioned in the light of the controversial Hunting Act of 2004. This would have represented an existential challenge to parliamentary supremacy. However, the House of Lords concluded that in fact there were no limits to the type of laws that Parliament could pass using the Parliam ent Acts, except where Parliament had limited itself by limitations in the legislation. It may be argued that the trend towards devolution does in fact serve to undermine Parliaments supreme position. However, it is perhaps truer to say that devolution limits Parliaments jurisdiction rather than its authority. The most powerful devolved body, the Scottish Parliament, has carved out powers over many areas including health policy and criminal justice, but can scarcely be regarded as a rival to a Parliament whose authority delegated those powers in the first place.[5] In the light of the recent independence referendum the Scottish Parliament will expand its remit further, but will not be able to overrule Westminster where the UK Parliament retains jurisdiction.[6] Deference to Acts of Parliament The deference of the executive and judiciary to Parliament is underpinned by the Bill of Rights 1689, which drastically reduced monarchical power and prevented the courts from overruling statute with common law.[7] The House of Lords in Jackson was keen to stress that while it was free to interpret the wording of the Hunting Act 2004, it could not question the standing of Parliament by challenging the law itself with reference to the earlier Parliament Acts. Although the case was controversial, the House of Lords approach in fact neatly illustrated the supremacy of Acts of Parliament. Unlike the US system, there can be no recourse to a supreme court to plead on the unconstitutional nature of legislation. Indeed, the traditional view of supremacy was confirmed in the case of Pickin v British Railways Board,[8] in which the House of Lords had declared that the courts had no power to challenge the validity of an Act of Parliament (this is sometimes known as the enrolled bill rule). Arguably, the only challenge to the validity of Acts of Parliament now emanates from the European Union, whose Court of Justice can strike down Member State legislation which does not accord with EU primary legislation. This was evident in the infamous Factortame case[9], in which it was held that the UKs Merchant Shipping Act 1988 à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" designed to prevent Spanish trawlers from fishing in British waters by registering their boats as British à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" was invalid because it derogated from EU law, which is supreme over national law. For the UK Parliament this painfully illustrated the vulnerability of Acts of Parliament to scrutiny by an outside body.[10] However, it is doubtful that the episode presents an existential challenge to parliamentary supremacy because at any time Parliament could itself extricate itself from EU scrutiny by legislating to leave the European Union. Nor does the Human Rights Act 1998 pose a real challenge to supremacy. As one com mentator points out, Parliament is free to choose not to amend a provision of the Act even when it has been declared incompatible with the European Convention on Human Rights by a judge.[11] The principle of binding successive parliaments It has been suggested on the basis of constitutional nature of the European Communities Act 1972 à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" which incorporates the law of the EU into the domestic law of the UK à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" that in practical terms Parliament is not free to repeal all the legislation of its predecessors.[12] In Thoburn v Sunderland City Council,[13] Lord Justice Laws suggested that there were a variety of so-called constitutional statutes (including the ECA 1972) that Parliament could only expressly repeal, but not impliedly. On the face of it, this seemed to produce a measure of uncertainty both with regard to which statutes were in fact constitutional statutes, and whether implied repeal could be challenged in the courts. In fact, given the established convention that the courts cannot question the validity of Acts of Parliament (including those that repeal previous Acts), it is doubtful that even implied repeal could give rise to conflict. In any event, Parliament could simply legislate to expressly repeal certain statutes such as the ECA 1972 that were regarded in Thoburn as constitutional. Further, it is doubtful that executive dominance (the so-called elective dictatorship) could compromise the principle of not binding successor Parliaments because the executive does not have statutory tools at its disposal that could override Acts of Parliament. Conclusion There is no doubt that certain constitutional developments of the twentieth and first part of the current century, particularly in relation to the UKs membership of the European Union and the tendency towards devolution in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, have provided a series of challenges to the traditional Diceyan view of parliamentary supremacy. Nevertheless, in practice the three elements that Dicey espouses have held up remarkably well, and it will be intriguing to see if this continues. Bibliography Case Law Burmah Oil v Lord Advocate [1965] AC 75 HL Edinburgh Dalkeith Railway Co v Wauchope (1842) UKHL J12 Pickin v British Railways Board [1974] AC 765 HL R (Jackson) v AG [2005] UKHL 56 R v Secretary of State for Transport ex p. Factortame [1990] UKHL 7 Thoburn v Sunderland City Council [2002] EWHC 195 Legislation European Communities Act 1972 Human Rights Act 1998 Parliament Act 1911 Parliament Act 1947 War Damage Act 1965 Secondary Sources Allen, M. Thompson, B. Cases and Materials on Constitutional and Administrative Law (10th ed, OUP, 2011) Bell, C. Constitutional transitions: the peculiarities of the British constitution and the politics of comparison in Public Law (2014) July, 446-71 Dicey, A. V. An Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution (Elibron, 1982) Judge, D. The Parliamentary State (OUP, 1993) Smyth, D. Reeling in the years à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" the Factortame saga in Practice and Procedure (1999) Dec 85-6 Tomkins, A. Public Law (2003, OUP) Unauthored case comment, Constitutional law: status of the ECA in Public Law (2002) June 351 Footnotes Albert Venn Dicey, An Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution (Elibron, 1982) 37-82 David Judge, The Parliamentary State (OUP, 1993) 20 Burmah Oil v Lord Advocate [1965] AC 75 HL [2005] UKHL 56 Christine Bell, Constitutional transitions: the peculiarities of the British constitution and the politics of comparison in Public Law (2014) July, 446-71 Charles Livingstone, Constitutional debate rumbles on after No vote in In-House Lawyer (2014) Nov 53-55 Michael Allen Brian Thompson, Cases and Materials on Constitutional and Administrative Law (10th ed, OUP, 2011) 55 [1974] AC 765 HL; this was a restatement of a position in Edinburgh Dalkeith Railway Co v Wauchope (1842) UKHL J12. R v Secretary of State for Transport ex p. Factortame [1990] UKHL 7 David Smyth Reeling in the years à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" the Factortame saga in Practice and Procedure (1999) Dec 85-6 Adam Tomkins, Public Law (2003,OUP) 122 Unauthored case comment, Constitutional law: status of the ECA in Public Law (2002) June 351 [2002] EWHC 195

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on Book Review Common Sense Economics - 1161 Words

Oha1 Amanda Oha PPOG 502 Dr. Stewart Book Review: Common Sense Economics The book, Common Sense Economics written by James D. Gwartney, Ricahrd L.Stroup, Dwight R. Lee, and Tawni Ferrarini, gives a simple insight for reader into the inner workings economics in a common sense terms. The main point of the book is that to have economic success comes from low interference from the government, the motivation of individuals, and competitive markets. In the beginning of the book, the authors of the book started to breakdown this message of economics by explaining to the readers the twelve key elements of economics. 1. Incentives matters 2. There is no such thing as free lunch 3. Decisions are made at the margin 4.†¦show more content†¦They explained that: â€Å"Changes in incentives influence human behavior in predictable ways†. The main point of this concept is that the more attractive an option is the more likely an individual to choose it. Another point that they also focused on was the fact that if a partic ular product more costly, the more unappealing it will become to the consumer. They used examples such as employees will worker harder if they feel that they will be greatly rewarded or a student will study material that they feel will be on an Oha3 exam. This concept also can be correlated with political process as well. It is explained that citizens will vote for candidates will benefit them in their own personal lives. The second important concept was â€Å"There is no such thing as a free lunch†. This concept is built based upon human desire for good being unlimited and the limited resources to match that could not possible match those resources. This is relates to the theme of opportunity costs. This means that the choice of one thing, but you must sacrifice the opportunity to do another thing. There are opportunity costs with producers with the cost of outputting quality goods and adhering to regulations put on by the government. The next concept is â€Å"Decisions are made at the margin† this meant that individuals wanted to get the most out their resources. You want to have most benefits out your actions. One thing that the authors put emphasis on is the fact that allShow MoreRelatedCapital Analysis : Capital And Income Inequality Essay1743 Words   |  7 PagesAs a Economics book, The book Capital in the Twenty-First Century is written for all Economics scholars and Econ major students all over the world. Since the book is mainly talking about the wealth and income inequality in the United States and Europe since the 18th century, it is a great reference for scholars who is writing papers about wealth distribution and income inequality. 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How does Browning in Porphyrias lover and Laboratory convey the workings of a diseased mind Essay Example For Students

How does Browning in Porphyrias lover and Laboratory convey the workings of a diseased mind Essay Browning conveys the workings of a disease mind in Porphyria and Laboratory in various ways as he uses personification in both poems to underline the emotions of the character. Both of the poems are dramatic monologues which give us the audience a clear insight into the killers warped minds and also convey the emotions of the protagonist in the Laboratory and Porphyria which is conveyed in a melodramatic way in the 19th century as both poems were written at that time. Brownings audience enjoyed these poems very much as horror was a popular genre for the Victorians. The Laboratory is a poem which describes the jealousy of a woman and how a human mind could do wicked things to achieve what they desire for. Whereas in Porphyria which is quite similar to the Laboratory shows how control between two lovers lead to death. In stanza one of the Laboratory there is an evil atmosphere being described, devils smithy who is the apothecary and when Browning connects it to the devil it conveys evil. The apothecary seems to be preparing deadly fumes from arsenic smokes curling whitely which suggests that arsenic is poison which creates a more evil atmosphere as it shows that something gruesome is going to happen. However in Porphyria, the atmosphere is at a stormy location where the weather describes the lovers mood anger. Sullen wind soon awake suggests how the wind is strong, fierce like a person who is angry. Browning cleverly uses pathetic fallacy and personification to convey the lovers mood through the weather. In The Laboratory the jealousy from the diseased mind is developing as the person is appearing paranoid by the repetition of they which could suggest that the protagonist is mentally unstable and insane as you could imagine an insane person talking like that. The person is also thinking a lot about what they are thinking which shows that they seem to be nameless. Also on line three of stanza two Browning cleverly uses repetition, laugh at me then at me shows how an unstable person thinks. However in Porphyria the lover is more of a stable person as in line 5-6 I listened with a heart fit to break this could suggest that the lover is madly in love and feeling good that his love has come back, however I distinguish it as though he is ready to snap and is unstable. Fit to break could mean the he is ready to snap. Browning clearly establishes how much jealousy is within the protagonists mind in The Laboratory as theyd rather be observing how the poison is made than go where man wait me and dance at the kings suggests how the protagonist is ready to inflict the pain upon the rival rather than be in the presence of the kings. Also in this stanza Browning uses alliteration to convey the harshness of the protagonist grind, moisten and mash up thy paste also shows how the protagonists mind is thinking of painful words which also shows how the diseased mind is getting a sense of enjoyment from watching the apothecary I am in no haste which evokes that the person is not in a hurry and the mind is very unstable. However in Porphyria there is no sense of harshness, just a lot of melodrama which entice the Victorian audiences. Everything in this scene seems to be calm and passionate when Porphyria walks in she shuts the cold out and the storm evoking the idea that her presence has created calm in the cottage and the atmosphere begins to lighten up. She then blazes up the fireplace, and all the cottage warm which is significant because she just changes the atmosphere through her presence and also she is in control over fire blaze up. Shes also being described for a high class background soiled gloves which shows us that soiled gloves in the 19th century was only worn by high class people. In the Laboratory Browning shows how the protagonist is interested of what pain her poison will inflict her victims. The poison seems to be very valued as it is described as gold oozing which is very precious shows how poison is precious to the protagonist. The poison is also being described as soft phial for which the poison will be placed in. This is a bottle where in the 19th century was known as a common bottle where poison is stored. Then the way the poison is being described for the victims sure to taste sweetly evokes the idea that the protagonist is being sarcastic but at the same time you can feel that she has some control over the victims. This is linked to Porphyria as there is no intention of death approaching. As they are making love Porphyrias lover starts to think whether shes cunning or not while I debated what to do this conveys how in the middle of love the diseased mind switched and the thoughts made him want to kill the lover of his life. Contemporary Poetry And Nature EssayBrowning clearly shows in the laboratory the murderer is surprised by the small quantity of poison what a drop! Shes not little which conveys that her intended victim is not small and dainty like herself. Her intentions are to trap her lover as she believes that he is week so that he could see the victim suffer ensnared him which shows how unstable and crazy her mind is once again. This links in Porphyria as her lover thinks that she is week because her eyes are set on him mine, mine, fair which shows that she belongs to him whereas the protagonist in the Laboratory her lover is week. In contrast of the two poems the hatred is increasing rapidly of the protagonist in the laboratory as she remembers seeing her victim the previous evening with her lover whispering for only last night, as they whispered which creates an impression that she has been following them and shes always watching out for them. Then she stared them down hoping that the power of her concentrated hatred would shrivel her rival but she never felt scared but then the poison she has brought would do the trick shriveled, she felt not, yet this does it all this conveys that she is desperate to kill her victims who are Pauline and Elise. However in Porphyria her lover is just about to kill her as he doesnt want her to feel pain no pain felt she which shows how obsessed he is about Porphyria In stanza ten of the laboratory the murderer doesnt care whether she gets caught or not all she wants is to see her victims suffer let death be felt and the proof remain. Then she uses evil words saying brand, burn up, bite into its grace shows that she want the poison to burn of their beauty which she is jealous of, she really wants her rivals to suffer. Therefore to make it worse she want the man she had lost to remember his lovers dying face he sure is to remember her dying face this evokes how extreme the protagonist is going to get her revenge which I think is horror-struck. However in Porphyria her lover uses her hair to kill her so he made sure she felt no pain I am quite sure she felt no pain which once again shows how their minds are terribly unstable. And after she had died he opened her lids and laughed at the blue eyes without strain which conveys that she never felt pain, she died peacefully. And to make it gruesome he kisses her when she is dead burning kiss which shows how much he had loved her but makes us the audience wonder why would he do this. The protagonist is in control as her victims in the laboratory are close to have the poison it kills her. She also shows no remorse if it hurts her, can it ever hurt me which conveys that she has met her main aim whole fortunes fee and she will be getting got rid of the victims she so much wanted to kill. Whereas in Porphyria her lover is in control now whereas she was in control before I propped her head up as before shows he is in control now. Also her lover has no remorse for her as he believes he has done what she wanted her darling one wish could be heard. Finally the protagonist is ready for her murderous mission in the laboratory she also seems to be from a higher class take off all my jewels which coveys that people in the 19th century are from a higher class if they have jewelry. Shes very optimistic as she would be dancing at the kings which shows that she wants to be the attraction rather that her rivals. However in Porphyria her lover still wants to be together with her although she is dead we sit together now which gives us a sense that he believes in life after death. This shows that he is still in love with her although she is dead. In conclusion Browning uses many techniques to empathize the characters emotions in many ways such as rhyming couplets which is the language of love, rhetorical questions, and a lot of alliteration. But overall I think as an audience Porphyria was the most effective poem as it is a melodramatic play which would attract many audiences and most importantly it keeps the reader thinking as to what is going to happen to the character.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

The beginning of modern world based on science and technology

Using science and technology as the measure, when did the modern world begin? This paper examines how the world evolved to become modern. The paper concludes that the scientific and technological developments witnessed over the centuries have played a significant role in the shaping the modern world. The essay begins by a synopsis of what existed prior to modern (pre-1500 CE) and the series of events that paved way for the conception of the modern world.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The beginning of modern world based on science and technology specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Introduction Modern is a terminology that is understood to denote present or contemporary. There is no specific year as to when the modern world can be cited to have started. However, history scholars, especially those studying European history, hold that the modern world must have begun around 1500 CE. In addition, there is agreement tha t the scientific and technological developments witnessed from 1500 onwards (especially the18th centuries technological and scientific developments) shaped the face of the modern world. Discussion According to Hepp (2012, p.105-109), the relationship that exists between science, technology, and culture can be regarded as shaping what is considered as â€Å"modern† regarding the modern world. The outstanding sole difference between the post-1500 (modern) world and the period before does not hinge on the broad array of technology available in the modern world; the developments during that period shaped the whole attitude towards scientific and technological change. The scientific and technological changes witnessed in the late 17th, and the 18th century, in particular, helped to created not just the physical world, but also shaped the mental physical world view via which individuals construct their physical world. Why use science and technology as a measure? Science and technol ogy have largely contributed to the shaping of the modern world. Going by John Hepp’s simple definition, science is largely about ideas and technology is about stuff created out of those ideas (Hepp 2012, p. 105-109). If science and technology are to be used in measuring when the modern world began, it would mean that the present day world is as a result of many ideas that have led to inventions of the gadgets that people use today and which make the world modern (Fernandez-Armesto, 2009). For instance, the present means and modes of transport and communication, despite being remarkably different from what existed in the pre 1500 CE, are shaped by the technological and scientific developments witnessed over the centuries. People can now enjoy discoveries such as electricity, thanks to the ideas of people like William Gilbert and others such as Thomas Edison (Fernandez-Armesto, 2009). Similarly, the printing machines that people utilize today have come a long way; they date ba ck to 1450 when Johann Gutenberg invented the printing press and the movable type system.Advertising Looking for essay on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The utilities enjoyed in the modern world such as cell phones, computers and the internet can be credited to the work of scholars such as Charles Babbage, who was the first to conceive the idea in the 1830s. Other brilliant ideas and scientific experiments by people like Tim Berners-Lee have continued to shape and inform the modern world (Fernandez-Armesto, 2009). State of the world in the pre-1500 CE There was no serious science in the pre 1500 CE, but many scientific ideas emerged in the post 1500 when people started appreciating and using science in solving most of the world problems. This confirms that the modern world, which is largely built on science and technology, began around 1500 (Hepp 2012, p.105-109). The 14th and 17th centuries, commonly referred by his torians as the renaissance, witnessed the emergence of humanists, who believed that the right way to think was to involve appreciation of God’s creation. The discoveries of those periods such as the printing press enabled philosophers and even religious leaders to print and publish their works. By 1700, most people had started appreciating the co-existence of science and religion and, since then, the two have been used to back up each other (Hepp 2012, p. 105-109). Historical events leading to the creation of the modern world Scholars believe that significant scientific revolutions occurred between 1500 and 1700, starting with the work of Nicholas Copernicus (1473 -1543) who argued that the sun and the Earth were at the center of the universe. John Hepp holds that the scientific revolution period ended with the works of Isaac Newton (1642-1727) who formulated the universal laws (Hepp 2012, p. 105-109). The works of Nicholas Copernicus and Isaac Newton among others were eviden ce of science in action. There was a shift from reliance on religion for everything to use of science in explaining the world and trying to solving worldly problems. Since the 17th century, scientific methods have continued to characterize descriptions on the modern world and what the world can become in the future. As much as they maintained respect for religion and religious views, intellectuals began to focus exceedingly more on science than religion in their quest to understand the world (Fernandez-Armesto, 2009). It would not be erroneous to conclude that the modern world began somewhere around 1500. This is because before this time, religion was extreme and the scientific ways of thinking and doing things were still in the realization stages. Historians believe that significant scientific revolutions occurred between 1500 and 1700, and it laid the foundation for the creation of the contemporary world. Scientific methods began to form the basis of explanations about the world ( Fernandez-Armesto, 2009).Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The beginning of modern world based on science and technology specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More 18th Century: The â€Å"Golden† Age of Science and Technology? Britain’s Experience Britain emerged as a formidable trading nation within the world, propelling both social and economic revolution during the 18th century. Since late 18th century, the industrialization process came before the expansion, as well the massive growth that was to be later witnessed in the 19th Century. Critical to these developments was the successful establishment and application of steam technology in mining, manufacturing, rail, and shipping industries. Before 1800, entrepreneurs as well as engineers such as Matthew Boulton James Watt had attempted to make steam power a reality. As a result, this technology significantly improved Britain’s core industries such a s mining of coal, production of iron, and manufacturing industry. Fuelled by the advancement of industrial technologies, Britain was able to make significant and rapid expansion within the international market (Atterbury, 2011). The advancement in the electric telegraph was essential; it helped in development of the railway. The discovery of communication that resulted from electricity took place during the 18th century. Advancements in electromagnetism, which began in 1820s, contributed to the realization of the idea. The spread and growth of telegraph at both national and global scales made it possible for the growth of mass communication that is enjoyed today (Atterbury, 2011). The telegraph, as well as the telegram, brought personal communication on a scale that was inconceivable before. The growth of the global network spread speedily across the nations and boosted colonial, military, and commercial endeavors as internationalization began to gain relevance (Atterbury, 2011). He nce, globalization, a concept that has predominantly shaped the modern world, can be perceived to have had its roots in the scientific and technological developments made in the late 18th century. The telephone that was developed in 1876 also had a significant bearing on the rise of the modern world as it broadened possibilities and had more practicality at a personal level of communication (Atterbury, 2011). The development of practical radio transmissions in Victorian Britain during the end of the 19th century provided the basis for worldwide systems of communication during the 21st century (Atterbury, 2011). These legacies can be regarded as the most substantial in the arena of communication. The Victorians managed to build a British railway network that was more than double as large as contemporary network, but frequently operated with enhanced efficiency. The urban transport systems such as buses and underground railways were also constructed by the Victorians and laid the grou nd for the contemporary legacies such as commuting (Atterbury, 2011).Advertising Looking for essay on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion In conclusion, the achievements as well as the attitudes that existed in times of the Victorians still exist. They determine many aspects of life in the modern world. Indeed, the electric telegraphy can be regarded as the frontrunner of the modern internet and phone. The fact that scientific and technological developments post-1500 have been a front runner in the modern technological development is a clear manifestation that science and technology can be a measure of the modern world. References Atterbury, P. (2011). Victorian Technology. Retrieved From: Fernandez-Armesto, F. (2009). The World: A Brief History, Combined Volume. New Jersey, NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall. Hepp, J (2012). Historical Foundations of the Modern World. Philadelphia: Wilkes University. pp. 105-109. This essay on The beginning of modern world based on science and technology was written and submitted by user Jaeden C. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Tuesday, March 17, 2020

buy custom Visual Resume Technical Report Example

buy custom Visual Resume Technical Report Example Visual Resume in the Today’s Fast-Passing Digital World Abstract A study was conducted to investigate the advantages and disadvantages of visual resume in todays digital world, as many companies prefer recruiting employees through the visual resume. Sampling technique was used in conducting the study where a sample of 100 individuals from the recruitment department from different companies was chosen and used in collecting data. The results revealed that currently, many companies use visual resumes in recruiting new employees. The study findings also indicate that companies recruit new employees after every short period of time mostly less than a year, which is a challenge to many companies, especially those using visual resumes. It is then concluded that visual resume has both advantages and disadvantages. Since many job recruiters like using it despite the many challenges, this reveals that visual resume is beneficial to them. A strategy of combining both visual resume and traditional resume is therefore recommended to be the best way in trying to eliminate the challenges that are met.

Sunday, March 1, 2020

How to Campaign for a Mock Election

How to Campaign for a Mock Election A mock election is a simulated election process which is designed to give students a deeper understanding of the election process. In this popular exercise, students participate in every aspect of a national campaign and then participate in the voting process in order to get a complete understanding of the democratic process. The components of your exercise may include: Discovering and filing the paperwork you need to submit to runSelecting candidatesOrganizing caucusesCreating a campaignWriting speechesDesigning campaign postersCreating polling boothsMaking ballotsVoting What Are the Benefits? When you participate in a practice election, you will learn about the election process, but youll also sharpen many skills as you participate in a simulated version of a national election: You will gain public speaking experience as you participate in speeches and debates.You can sharpen critical thinking skills as you analyze campaign speeches and ads.You can gain event-planning experience by getting involved in organizing the meetings and rallies.You can learn to communicate effectively as you develop campaign materials and events. Choosing a Candidate You may not have a choice about the role you play or even about the candidate you support in a mock election. Teachers will usually divide a class (or an entire student body of a school) and assign candidates. It is important in a mock election to make the process fair and to avoid hurt feelings and feelings of being ostracized. Its not always a good idea to pick the candidate that is supported by your family because students who are greatly outnumbered can feel pressured or ridiculed for supporting an unpopular candidate. Every candidate is unpopular somewhere! Preparing for the Debate A debate is a formalized discussion or argument. You must study the rules or processes that debaters follow in order to prepare. Youll want to learn what will be expected of you! Your school may have special rules to add to the general guidelines youll find online. Its also a good idea to watch your opponents campaign advertisements on YouTube (the real candidate, that is). You can gain clues about your opponents position on controversial topics. These ads will highlight his or her potential strengths and may even shed light on a potential weakness. How Do I Run a Campaign? A campaign is like a long-running TV commercial. You are really designing a sales pitch for your candidate when you run a campaign, so youll use many sales techniques in this process. Youll want to be honest, of course, but you want to pitch your candidate in the most agreeable way, with positive words and attractive materials. You will need to establish a platform, which is a set of beliefs and positions that your candidate holds on specific topics. You will need to research the candidate that you represent and write a mock-up of those positions in language that is suitable for your audience. An example of a statement in your platform is I will promote investments in clean energy in order to provide a healthy environment for future families. (See real platforms from presidential campaigns.) Dont worryyour own platform does not need to be as long as a real one! By writing out your platform, you gain a clear understanding of the candidate you support. This will help you as you design campaign materials. Using the platform as a guideline you can: Write a campaign speech Draw posters to support your issuesWith permission from parents, design a Facebook page for your candidateCreate a poll on Facebook or in Survey Monkey to get feedback from votersCreate a campaign blog with Blogger

Thursday, February 13, 2020

Share Price Prediction and Analysis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words

Share Price Prediction and Analysis - Essay Example The following is a critical review of such literature. In addition, the discussion applies a synthesis of two approaches/models identified to predict the share prices for Tesco Plc from the publications of the firm’s financial statements for 2008 and 2009. Lastly, this discussion attempts to test the approach by comparing these two sets of predictions with actual share prices. A concluding remark, which comments on the results, winds up the paper. Approaches/Models for Predicting Share Prices In short-term or medium-term, different models or approaches are used in predicting the future prices of shares of various companies. Share prices of companies may take different forms such as linear, horizontal, cyclic, or seasonal as influenced by prevailing market and environmental factors (Hassan, et al., 2007). Due to lack of prediction methods that provide least prediction error, investors tend to apply numerous methods thereby comparing their results in a bid to finding the best mo del or approach to use (Chen, et al., 2003). ... Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is a share price prediction method that is commonly used. For many years, ANN has been developed and restructured in order to provide efficient and effective performances on predicting share prices of firms in a stock exchange for purposes of investment (Tom, et al, 2000). Nonetheless, most predictors used single dosage of ANN (Kim and Shin, 2007). Application of single dosage in predicting share prices rarely provides an opportunity to discover the decision rule that the model uses while making the predictions (Hassan, et al, 2007). Artificial Neural Network is a share price prediction model or approach, which is created through stimulation of biological central nervous system of investors or predictors (Swales and Yoon, 2002). One of the reasons explaining its extensive application is the ability to predict share prices from large databases (Olson and Mossman, 2003). The idea of back-propagation algorithm is the basis of Artificial Neural Network in predicting share prices of firms. ANN back propagation function is usually represented by the following function: Where, xi is the sum of inputs, which is multiplied by their respective weights wji; Aj is the predicted share value under the ANN model; and n is the end period in which the valuation is carried out. Decision tree (DT) model on the other hand is a data mining model or approach used in predicting or forecasting share prices within a stock exchange market. One of the reasons for its extensive application is the fact that DT has an excellent ability and capability of describing cause as well as effect relationships of various stock prices. From the concepts or application of DT, investors are